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ASTM E857-2005e1 用鸟类进行亚极性饮食毒性试验的标准实施规程

作者:标准资料网 时间:2018-11-21 15:48:51  浏览:9856   来源:标准资料网
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【英文标准名称】:StandardPracticeforConductingSubacuteDietaryToxicityTestswithAvianSpecies
【原文标准名称】:用鸟类进行亚极性饮食毒性试验的标准实施规程
【标准号】:ASTME857-2005e1
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:
【发布日期】:2005
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:美国材料与试验协会(US-ASTM)
【起草单位】:E47.02
【标准类型】:(Practice)
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:危险物质;农药;污染控制;资源取回;试验;有毒物质;毒性;废弃物处置
【英文主题词】:
【摘要】:Thispracticeprovidesameansofmeasuringthesusceptibilityofanavianspeciestoatestsubstanceinitsdietundercontrolledconditions.TheLC50obtainedinthistestisaconditionalmeasureofsubacutetoxicitybecauseconsumptionisvoluntary,andbecausethedietaryroutemayintroducemetabolictransformationsofthetestsubstancethatmightbeabsentinotherexposuretechniques.Useofthispracticecontributestotheevaluationofthehazardsofchemicalstobirdsbecauseexposureisanalogoustomostfieldexposures,thatis,throughdietaryintake.Theuseofthispracticeallowsforobservationofsignsoftoxicityinadditiontomortality.Thedose-responsecurveprovidesadditionalinformationabouttheresponseofbirdstoatestsubstance.Thispracticecanbeusedtostudytheeffectsoftestsubstancesincombinationinordertosimulatesituationswherebirdsmaybeexposedtomorethanonesubstancesimultaneously(1).3Thispracticeprovidesonebasisfordecidingwhetheradditionaltoxicitytestingshouldbeconductedwithbirds.1.1Thispracticedescribesaprocedurefordeterminingthesubacutedietarytoxicityofatestsubstanceadministeredtobirdsintheirdailydiet.TheLC50valuetimetomortalityandslopeofthedoseresponsecurvemayalsobederived.1.2Thispracticeisapplicabletosubstancesthatcanbemixeduniformlyintothediet.1.3Thispracticeisintendedprimarilytobeusedwiththeyoungofthefollowingspecies:northernbobwhite(Colinusvirginianus),Japanesequail(Coturnixjaponica),mallard(Anasplatyrhynchos),andring-neckedpheasant(Phasianuscolchicus).Otherspeciesoragegroups,forexample,withwild-trappedbirds,maybeusedwithappropriatehusbandrymodificationstothepractice.1.4Thisstandardisusedroutinelytoaddressavianregulatorytestingrequirements.Modificationstotheproceduresdescribedinthisstandardhavebeenproposedandarebeingevaluatedtobetteraddresstheneedsofthelatestriskassessmentprocedures.Specifically,thelatestprocedurescallforindividualbirdfeedconsumptionmeasurementssothatamoreprecisedosecanbedetermined.Whilesuchproceduresmayreplaceproceduresdescribedinthecurrentstandard,thereisnocertaintythatthenewestprocedureswillworkasanticipated,andthecompletionofvalidationisnotcomplete.Therefore,thecurrentguidelinehasutilitypriortovalidationandacceptanceofamodifiedstandard.Thisstandarddoesnotpurporttoaddressallofthesafetyconcerns,ifany,associatedwithitsuse.Itistheresponsibilityoftheuserofthisstandardtoestablishappropriatesafetyandhealthpracticesanddeterminetheapplicabilityofregulatorylimitationspriortouse.ForspecificprecautionarystatementsseeSection6.
【中国标准分类号】:C53;B25;B4
【国际标准分类号】:
【页数】:5P.;A4
【正文语种】:


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【英文标准名称】:Liquidpetroleumproducts-Determinationofhydrocarbontypes-Fluorescentindicatoradsorptionmethod;TechnicalCorrigendum1
【原文标准名称】:液体石油产品烃类的测定荧光指示剂吸附法技术勘误1
【标准号】:ISO3837TechnicalCorrigendum1-1994
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:国际
【发布日期】:1994-07
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:国际标准化组织(IX-ISO)
【起草单位】:ISO/TC28
【标准类型】:()
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:荧光指示剂吸附;石油产品;烃类;含量测定;化学分析和试验;液体
【英文主题词】:Chemicalanalysisandtesting;Determinationofcontent;Fluorescentindicatoradsorptionmethods;Hydrocarbons;Liquids;Petroleumproducts
【摘要】:Replacesclause1,note4,with"Theprecisionstatementofthistestmethodhasnotbeendeterminedwithoxygenatedfuels.Thismethodmayormaynotapplytoautomotivegasolinescontainingleadanti-knockmixtures.",adds"ISO3170:1988,Petroleumliquids-Manualsampling."inclause2,replaces"...giveninISO3171"with"...giveninISO3170orISO3171"inclause7.
【中国标准分类号】:E30
【国际标准分类号】:75_080
【页数】:1P.;A4
【正文语种】:英语


【英文标准名称】:StandardTestMethodforStaticMeasurementsonTiresforPassengerCars,LightTrucks,andMediumDutyVehicles
【原文标准名称】:乘用车、轻型载重车和中型车辆的轮胎静态测量的标准试验方法
【标准号】:ASTMF1502-2005
【标准状态】:现行
【国别】:美国
【发布日期】:2005
【实施或试行日期】:
【发布单位】:美国材料与试验协会(ASTM)
【起草单位】:ASTM
【标准类型】:()
【标准水平】:()
【中文主题词】:轻型载重车;客车轮箍;橡胶;试验;轮胎
【英文主题词】:tests;tyres;tiresforpassengercars;rubber;lighttrucks
【摘要】:
【中国标准分类号】:G41
【国际标准分类号】:83_160_10
【页数】:5P;A4
【正文语种】:英语



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